Human Capacities in Artefacts
Nowadays archaeology has gone so far that one can hardly find any place on earth which would be unexplored. Contemporary scientists accumulated knowledge found as part of research about entire civilizations that had existed before and had been subsequently extinguished. In addition, the past events of our civilization lurk a lot of secrets worth to explore. These information scientists partly find with the help of artefacts discovered in different parts of the world and later available to public in museums or touristic attractions. The most famous artefacts can have different meaning to each person and I personally would say that the two artefacts which are the Pyramid of Giza in Egypt and the Stonehenge in the UK are especially significant to me in the way that they demonstrate such human capacities as collaboration and shared leadership of those mysterious civilizations.
To start with, the Great Pyramid of Cheops was originally 481 feet tall and measured 755 feet along its sides and covered an area of 53,000 square meters. It is constructed from 2.5 million limestone blocks weighing approximately 2.6 tons each (The Great Pyramid of Giza, Places of Peace and Power). Although many scientists consider that the process of building these constructions represents a mystery, some of them believe that the pyramids were created through hard work of slaves and construction workers (Probing Question: how were the Egyptian pyramids built?, Marissa McCauley). Thus, the way these pyramids were built required excellent collaboration and teamwork skills.
Another example of these human capacities is probably the Stonehenge in the UK. The first construction of a Stonehenge was circular earthwork enclosure built in 3000 BC. The monument was used as a cremation cemetery for several hundred years (Building Stonehenge, English Heritage). Not only Neolithic people required ingenuity to construct something of this kind, but also cooperation at every step was very important. Thus, our ancestors built these nowadays precious artefacts as a demonstration of what humans can achieve with a proper collaboration and teamwork skills.
The Great Pyramid of Giza. Places of Peace and Power. Retrieved 12.02.2017 https://sacredsites.com/africa/egypt/the_great_pyramid_of_giza.html
Probing Question: how were the Egyptian pyramids built? Marissa McCauley. Penn State News. Retrieved 12.02.2017. http://news.psu.edu/story/141300/2008/03/24/research/probing-question-how-were-egyptian-pyramids-built
Building Stonehenge. English Heritage. Retrieved 12.02.2017