Juvenile delinquency is a collection of crimes in a society made by persons aged between 14 and 18 years. Juvenile delinquency is an integral part of crime in general, but also has its own specific features that allow you to treat it as an independent object of criminological study. The need for such allocation is determined by the peculiarities of physical, mental and moral development of minors, as well as their social immaturity. During adolescence, young age at the time of the moral formation of the person is an accumulation of experiences, including negative, which cannot be detected externally, or appear with a considerable lag. “In this context, juvenile delinquency is especially important because the perpetration of crimes during adolescence is a major predictor of criminal and anti-social behavior in adulthood” (Basto-Pereira et al., 2015)
Minors under the age of fourteen to eighteen years old, on the one hand, reach a high level of socialization (they gain independence, perseverance, the ability to control their behavior, self-control), on the other - there is further socialization of the individual (ongoing or completed schooling or college education, there is a clarification of their place in society, accumulated experience of interpersonal relations).Over-categorical judgments, short temper, instability, inability to assess the situation in all the circumstances are very typical for this age. Juvenile delinquency is characterized by special cruelty, insolence towards their victims. Teenagers act usually in partnership, often guided by selfishness, hooliganism, and desire to enhance their credibility among peers, anger, or a sense of false friendship. “Family background factors such as erratic parental discipline, lack of adequate supervision and maternal rejection are also strongly correlated with later criminal involvement” (Munyo, 2015).In the vast majority a juvenile offender is a person with habits, tendencies, and a stable stereotype of antisocial behavior. Only few commit crimes accidentally. The rest of them are characterized by:- constant display of disregard for the rules of conventional behavior (swearing, drunk appearance, harassing citizens, damaging public property, etc.);- following negative drinking habits and traditions, addicted to alcohol, drugs, gambling activities;- vagrancy, systematic running away from home, of educational and other institutions;- early sex, sexual promiscuity;- systemic manifestations, including in non-conflict situations, malice, revenge, rudeness, acts of violent behavior:- guilt for creating conflicts, constant quarrels in the family, terrorizing parents and other family members;- cultivating enmity towards the other groups of juveniles with different academic excellence, disciplined behavior.
Effect of adult crime in juvenile delinquency is most often carried out indirectly - through youth crime. Characterizing juvenile delinquency only at its present state is wrong. Connection between juvenile delinquency and youth crime is two-sided. Juvenile delinquency is like a shadow or a reflection of youth crime, as the youngest trying to repeat the behavioral patterns of senior and senior crime replenished by inflows of yesterday minors. Juvenile delinquency bears and the past (socially deviant) behavior of adolescents and their future criminal behavior in the transition to older age groups. “An alternative interpretation …