Medical Sociology Research example

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Medical Sociology

In modern society there exists a strict and constant functional relationship between social peculiarities of living of people of different countries and the level of their health. Specifically, it studies the influence of such issues as class, ethnicity, gender, race, etc. on the development of various diseases and the opportunities for their treatment among population. It has been commonly thought that health differences among various people are caused by biological and individual lifestyles peculiarities (White, 2017), although nowadays fewer and fewer scientists and researchers are convinced that diseases are caused by exceptionally biological factors, which exist separately from social distinctive feature of living.

A sheer number of substantial researches has found that health outcome throughout the life course of a person is linked to such sociological factors as the level of education, reading level, income level, sphere of occupation, etc. (Bharmal, Derose, Felician, &Weden, 2015). The particular theory lies in regularity of living conditions and social status of people that largely influence the abilities and opportunities of the population to avoid risk factors, certain diseases and have access to those resources which help to reduce risks. The evident fact is also the argument that a particular individual style of life is usually shaped by a corresponding society, which may be a cause of emergence or treatment of diseases, short or long expectancy of life, existence of bad habits, etc. Furthermore, there is “a wide range of mediating social factors that intervene between the biology of disease, individual lifestyle, and the social experience shaping and producing disease” (White, 2017, p. 2). The issue ranges from standards of living and working conditions, to social and psychological experiences of people both at home and at work.

There are numerous social factors that have a considerable impact (Bharmal et al., 2015), although the most essential are neighborhood conditions (exposures, the quality of drinking water or air, transportation, resources for employment, trust between neighbors which usually help to reduce the level of homicide), working conditions (ventilation, level of noise, medical insurance, sanitary payments, mutual support among colleagues). It is also fair to indicate the educational opportunities and levels (knowledge about healthy life and behavior, the opportunity to find a better job, higher social standards of educated people), income and wealth status (ability to afford a decent house, education, health care, employment, race, ethnicity and the level of racism in a particular society (limited opportunities in a society compared to other people), potential causal link and a role of stress (accumulated stress may cause acute conditions of chronic illnesses, damage to the immune defenses, etc.) Another factors, which are of no small importance, are the social role of a man and a woman and a hierarchical status of groups of people that are based on ethnicity features, as restricted rights often cause limited opportunities in almost all the spheres of life, including health care and treatment.

One of the main and inevitable constituents of a modern society is …

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