Art History Assignment example

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Art History Assignment

Janson.

Part 1: Vocabulary

Chapter 18

1. Terms

18.1 Inverted Perspective is the technique device of putting the apparent subject of the picture on the background.

18.2 Vanitas is an image, especially popular in Europe during the 17th century, in which all the objects symbolize the transience of life. Vanitas paintings are usually of still lifes or genre subjects.

2. Visual Examples

18.1 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The Blind Leading the Blind. ca 1568. Oil on panel. Museo e Gallerie di Capodimonte, Naples.

18.2 Hans Holbein the Younger, Jean de Dinteville and George de Selve (“The Ambassadors”). 1533. Oil on panel. The National Gallery, London.

3. Relation of the Examples to the Terms

18.1. In The Blind Leading the Blind, Bruegel illustrates the blind leader, leading the other blinds. The subject of the inverted perspective is represented by the church on the background, which is an obvious item of the picture setting, despite its distant location from the main characters of the painting.

18.2. Jean de Dinteville and George de Selve by Hans Holbein the Younger demonstrates the two well-dressed men, who lean on the shelf with different subjects of religious, intellectual, and artistic interests. The vanitas theme is observed in the oblongish skull, which implies that the earthly things are not eternal and everything is fleeing as death eventually comes.

Chapter 27

1. Terms

27.1. Suprematism is the art movement, which implies the supremacy of feelings and gives the fullest possible expression to feeling, ignoring the familiar appearance of objects (Janson, Davies & Janson, 2011).

27.2. Fauvism is the style of art, which emerged in the early 20th century and emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism.

2. Visual Examples

27.1 Kazimir Malevich, Suprematist Composition: Airplane Flying. 1915 (dated 1914). Oil on canvas. Museum of Modern Art, New York.

27.2 Henri Matisse, Femme au Chapeau (Woman with a Hat). 1905. Oil on canvas. San-Francisco Museum of Modern Art.

3. Relation of the Examples to the Terms

27.1 At a first glance, the picture looks plain and uncomplicated. However, by this painting, Malevich implies the high message of a humankind’s relation to universe with the invention of this new means of transport. Therefore, he expresses the core meaning of suprematism in this painting.

27.2 According to the main Fauvism features, the painting Femme au Chapeau (Woman with a Hat) by Henri Matisse represents the bright and contrasting primary and secondary colors, which look as if they were just squeezed from the tube. The tones are fairly eye-catching, and, although most of them contrast each other, still they seem to create the integral background.

Chapter 28

1. Terms

28.1. Photomontage is a photographic work created from many smaller photographs arranged (and often overlapping) in a composition, which is then rephotographed.

28.2. Grattage is a pattern created by scraping off layers of paint from a canvas laid over a textual surface.

2. Visual Examples

28.1. Hannah Hoch, Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada Through the Last Weimar Beer Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany. ca. 1919. Collage. Staatliche Museen, Berlin.

28.2. Max Ernst, Die Ganze Stadt (The Entire City). …

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