GMO Food Products
Genetically modified organisms are plants, animals, microorganisms, or any other organism whose genetic makeup has been modified using a technology called gene splicing. As GMO can be considered any organism with an altered genetic material using genetic engineering techniques (Wendee, Nicole). Nowadays the genetically modified organisms are used in the production of medications, foods, other goods, and also for scientific research. The genetic engineering techniques involve insertion, mutation, deletion of genes. The scientific opportunities provide a possibility to create genes that do not occur in nature or use the traditional crossbreeding methods to produce genetically modified organisms. Recently the GMO foods are widely discussed in the society and pros and cons are debated by the scientists and researchers. Genetically modified organisms are made to improve the everyday food products, however, there are too many unknown risk factors taking a toll on the health of society as well as the environment.
The use of genetically modified organisms in industrial food system affects the local and organic farming. The major food production companies use chemical additives and thus the whole manufacturing process impacts the environment. The regions were factories are situated or have the plantations are subjected to the air and soil impurity as the result of industrial activity. Those areas are exposed to harmful chemicals, pesticides, toxins that harm the water and the environment at the whole (Wartman, Kristin). It causes the contamination of local farms, that are not able to control the spreading of the chemicals and by grain or seed mixing after harvest and cross-pollination on the field. As a result, the farmers suffer from the quality of their crops and goods. The pollution of the environment affects the small organic farms that are helpless against the enormity of the food manufacturers. Another aspect of the impact on farmers is the price. The genetically modified organisms and chemical additives provide the less costly opportunities to produce the goods (Wartman, Kristin). Farmers spent more time and money to pay workers, in order to grow, crop, and produce healthy food. Also, organic farming requires more attention to the quality of the harvest, thus the buffer zones between fields are made to prevent the contamination. The small farms have no market access to vend their goods. All that leads to the economic loss for local farmers. The price eventually for the organic products will be much higher than for the industrial ones with the GMO.
The food production system is based on the utilization of pesticides, chemical fertilizers, herbicides, fungicides, and genetically modified organisms. The main idea is to provide a longer shelf life to the products, reduce the risk of bacterial contamination, and prevent the food caused diseases by using chemicals. On the other hand, the agricultural chemicals and genetically modified organisms may bring about certain health issues (Wartman, Kristin). First of all the additives may become allergy triggers, because of the chemical contents and unnatural components. The research has shown that the exposure to genetically modified organisms and …