Learning Theories Paper Answers to Questions
There are different theories of learning. Explain Bloom’s Taxonomy of learning and how different domains of learning apply to people in health and social care.
According to Bloom’s Taxonomy of learning (1956), a person goes through three domains (level of learning development): cognitive, affective, and psychomotor (in International Center for Educators’ Learning Styles 2015). At the psychomotor domain a person develops manual and physical skills (International Center for Educators’ Learning Styles 2015). A learner is able to imitate actions, manipulate by following instructions, or develop precision. At the affective level a person’s learning is based on the influence on his feelings, emotions and behavior (International Center for Educators’ Learning Styles 2015). Thus, at this stage a personal system of values is developed and the certain pattern of behavior is adopted. Finally, the highest domain is cognitive. At this stage a person is able to understand, analyze, recall the data, apply it to the new situation, evaluate different ideas, and build their own hypothesis. In Bloom's Taxonomy the levels of learning have strict order and the next domain cannot be achieved before mastering the previous one (International Center for Educators’ Learning Styles 2015). It is applied to people in health and social care very frequently. We should be aware the stage at which a person can be influenced at the moment in order to achieve better effect. Thus, during the rehabilitation patients go through three stages from the psychomotor to cognitive domain. At first, they simply imitate the actions and manipulate the instructions. Then, the system of values is built and a behavior is adapted to international system of values. The target of the rehabilitation is to become a person with independent thinking who can analyze and evaluate situations, synthesize concepts, and make the right decision.
Styles of learning
VARK system based on the learners preferences to comprehend information
Visual learners prefer use of images, maps, and graphics by learning
Auditory learners understand content by listening information
Read/Write learners prefer studying by reading information or writing notes
Kinesthetic learners understand information through tactile representation of material
Kolb’s learning styles based on the concept of experiential learning theory
1. Diverging style: people view well the concreate situations for different points of view, like gather information , has concreate experience and reflective observation
2. Assimilating style: people have abstract conceptualization thinking and active experimentation acting, understand well different information and put it into logical form
3. Converging: people have abstract conceptualization thinking and active experimentation acting, line finding practical use for ideas and concepts
4. Accommodating: people’s dominant learning abilities are concrete experience and active experimentation, they have ability to learn from their own experience and like to challenge themselves by new tasks.Honey and Mumford (a variation of Kolb’s model)Activists learn by doingTheorists …