Medical Terminology: A Patient with a Cardiovascular Problem
A patient who has a cardiovascular complaint should be first observed by the treating doctor. Later on, it is necessary to conduct diagnosing tests and go on to treatment. The peculiarity of the cardiovascular diseases lies in the fact that they have few signs and symptoms, therefore putting a diagnosis might present a problem to a specialist. On the other hand, some cardiovascular diseases are characterized by pronounced symptoms, such as chest pain, palpitations, breathing difficulties, cardiac irregularities, and loss of consciousness. Diagnostic stage comprises clinical (e.g. electrocardiography), laboratory (cardiac enzyme studies and lipid panel), and imaging (e.g. angiography) procedures, depending on the type and the complexity of the disease. Treatment of cardiovascular diseases consists mainly of surgery is but not limited to it. The examples of surgical treatment are angioplasty, biopsy, catheter ablation, commissurotomy and so on. Thus, there are cases when both surgery and medical procedures are applicable. Defibrillation, cardioversion, sclerotherapy, and thrombolysis find themselves among medical procedures. For example, a patient with high blood pressure who can measure systolic and diastolic pressure with the help of sphygmomanometer at home, also needs clinical assessment. This need results from the dependence of blood pressure on other conditions, such as resistance of blood flow in blood vessels, pumping action of the heart, viscosity, elasticity of arteries, and quantity of blood in the vascular system. Therefore, an observation is necessary to determine the primary cause of the condition and to apply the necessary diagnostics and treatment (Gylys & Wedding, 2012).
A Patient with a Dermatological Problem
If the patient has complaints on skin, it is necessary to conduct testing as soon as possible in order to define what procedures can help to solve the problem with the integumentary system. The choice of the testing system depends on the primary assessment of the patient which is based on the observation of the specialist. The observation helps to distinguish between the types of the skin pathologies to apply appropriate testing and treatment. Pathologies vary from the generic diseases, also referred to as primary skin lesions, to acquired diseases and physical damages, also named secondary skin lesions. Diagnosing tests are usually applicable to oncological and infectious diseases. Tumor grading and tumor staging can be prescribed by the treating specialist to find neoplasms. If the malignant neoplasms are found, the doctor should prescribe immunotherapy, also called biotherapy. If the integumentary system of the patient has features of an infectious disease, it is recommended to conduct diagnostic tests, such as culture & sensitivity test, allergy skin test, intradermal test, patch or scratch, depending on the looks of the lesion and the symptoms. The procedures that can be applied to eliminate abnormal tissues are various and can be divided into surgical and medical. For instance, if a patient seems to have the features of allergy after the primary observation, it is recommended to conduct allergy skin test. When the diagnosis has been proven and the cause of allergy …