Quantitative Study Research example

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Quantitative Study Research

Medical ethics and bioethics are two of the most widely discussed topics in the scientific literature. The current research aims at observing their quantitative study in Borry, Schotsmans and Dierickx (2006) from the critical viewpoint, concerning the comparison, analysis, and evaluation of the published empirical material. The research suggests that the proportion of the empirical research in the nine medical journals has been growing steadily from 1990 to the present time with the highest percentage life prolongation and euthanasia issues.

The research used cluster random sampling method with the particular parameters. First, 4029 articles on bioethics were selected between 1990 and 2003. Second, 435 publishings were chosen based on the empirical design approach. Third, they were divided into the journal origin, e.g. Nursing Ethics, Medical Ethics, Journal of Clinical Ethics, etc. Finally, they were subdivided in accordance with their topics, e.g. euthanasia, stem cells,
cloning, germline gene therapy, etc. The selected approach fully complies with the article’s objective, i.e. analyze the evolution and nature of the published material. Step three enables counting the percentage of the most
frequently published materials in a particular journal that can assist further research in the field.

The observed design was highly evaluated by recent experts. Salloch, Schildmann, and Vollmann (2012, p. 5) advocated the shift to the empirical analysis in bioethics and suggested its efficient blending with “a normative analysis.” This detail was provided to bring an additional criterion to the empirical research concerning the probability of the hypothesized experiments. Thus, Borry, Schotsmans and Dierickx (2006, p. 240) observe the content and the topics of the bioethical disciplines, while do not provide “the line between “is” and “ought” statements” (Salloch, Schildmann & Vollmann, 2012, p. 5). Though the observed criterion was not mentioned in the article’s goal, it might be useful to differentiate between practical and theoretical data.

Another aspect of the analysis is the extension of empiricism in the article. While Borry, Schotsmans, and Dierickx (2006, p. 241) predominantly focus on the very use of empiricism in their research, Reiter-Theil (2012,
p. 425) demands specification of ethicism in the findings. Thus, the author provides five categories of ethicists that provided crucially different viewpoints on the bioethics, including applied ethicists, theorists, critically applied ethicists, particularists and integrated empirical ethicists. However, Borry, Schotsmans, and Dierickx (2006) cannot be blamed for the research insufficiency as the primary methods trace the goal of observing the topics of the bioethical articles, but not their depth. Finally, the article provides sufficient quantitative data to serve as
a well-grounded research. The findings stated that the majority of empirical researches were found in Nursing Ethics (39.5%) along with Journal of Medical Ethics and Journal of Clinical Ethics (Borry, Schotsmans & Dierickx, 2006, p. 242). The three major journals accounted for the sufficient percentage …

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