Why Do Teens Go Wild?
No wonder, at times teenage behavior leaves much to be desired. They can do frantic gestures with no care about consequences. They may drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes to feel as true adults; some of them can even start to take drugs under the influence of elder friends or respected schoolmates. Why does it happen to children that they can dramatically change at certain age? What kind of changes occur in adolescence brains? And how do those changes have impact on their behavior?
Scientists all over the world keep focus on this topic and owing to their numerous researches, we have a reliable scientific reasoning on this point. According to researches results teenage behavior associated with cognitive change in the brain. Impulsive action of young people could be a result of differences in the prefrontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex is a part of brain that tied with reasoning function. Kids just start to analyze everything what happens with them and what they can see around themselves. On the other hand, at this age brain cells link more to emotional region. (Allen)Researches that were made using fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and PET (positron emission tomography) have shown that normally at teenage the prefrontal cortex can rapidly change until a person turns his or her mid 20’s.
It may happen because a lot of brain cells in the cortex die off and new cells are created, what means that new connections constantly appear. (Allen)Laurence Steinberg, a Temple University psychology professor, explains that a wide range of cognitive abilities such as abstract thinking, advanced reasoning, self-consciousness expand especially during this time. However, at the same time capabilities of emotional regulation and impulse control progress poorly. (Weigard et al.)To the addition, teens often do weird things that adults usually find irrational. According to Steinberg's research, adolescents tend to do what their peers expect them to do. Remarkably, one study using MRI scans proves that young adults make different decisions depending on their environment. The decision-making is considerably subjected to irrelevant influence as long as teenager is in presence with people close to him in age. (Moriguchi and Hiraki)
This social phenomenon is a part of forming a personality. Teens extremely want to obtain a recognition of their peers what can make them act irrationally and sometimes do risk and silly performances. Young people try to adopt the society in this way. There is a scientific reasoning for such behavior as well. The point is that “the reward circuitry” in the brain of youth is more activated at the moment they surround with their peers. "These circuitry - which include dopamine-containing neurons in prefrontal cortex and deeper areas of the brain" is the common reason for teens' insane behavior, that is a result of hormonal jolt. (Weigard et al.)Nevertheless, teenage is temporary however difficult this time seems to be. Everybody has to pass this. Nothing is as dangerous as it looks like. The …